A Tomb With A View at Evergreen Cemetery – New Haven, Vermont
Buried alive or simply the fear of a premature burial?
The fear of being buried alive is the fear of being placed in a grave while still alive, most likely the result of being incorrectly pronounced dead. Before the advent of modern medicine the fear was not entirely irrational. Throughout history there have been many cases of people being accidentally buried alive.
During the 17th century there were a number of premature burials. Collapse and apparent death were not uncommon during epidemics of plague, cholera, and smallpox. From contemporary medical sources, William Tebb compiled 219 instances of narrow escape from premature burial, 149 cases of actual premature burial, 10 cases in which bodies were accidentally dissected before death, and 2 cases in which embalming was started on the not-yet-dead.
Like something straight from an Edgar Allan Poe collection or a book of ghost stories, the plight of Dr. Timothy Clark Smith (1821-1893) is unusual to say the least.
Let’s just say that although Tim has been dead for many years, things are definitely looking up…or at least he is. Dr. Smith was quite a busy man during life. He was a schoolteacher, a merchant, a clerk for the Treasury Dept. and obtained his degree as an MD in 1855, which led to his position as a staff surgeon in the Russian Army.
In 1893, Tim died at the Logan House in Middlebury, Vermont – on Halloween ironically enough. He left behind a wife and several children. Supposedly, he died with a fear of catching sleeping sickness, which would give the illusion of death, later to awaken in a cold, dark grave, very much alive. His body was interred at the Evergreen Cemetery in New Haven, VT. in a specially prepared grave.
Beneath the odd, grassy mound of earth, Timothy’s face was positioned beneath a cement tube that led to the surface.
The 6 foot tube ended at a piece of 14×14 inch plate glass allowing Tim to gaze upward in the event that he was buried alive. An article by Joe Nickell of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, states that one of his children traveled to New Haven, VT from Iowa to supervise the construction of the specially designed crypt. According to the cemetery sexton, the burial vault has two rooms. One for Dr. Smith and the other for his wife. The burial vault is arched with stairs (capped by the stone in the lower front of the mound) and leads to the two rooms, with the viewing window at the top of the shaft.
Legends abound concerning the unusual tomb of Dr. Timothy Clark Smith.
Did he really have tools buried with him to aid in an escape from the crypt, if he were to suddenly awaken? If you were to gaze down into the window these days, all you would see is darkness and condensation on the glass. People from years ago claim to have seen the skeletal face of Dr. Smith along with a hammer and chisel placed nearby.
Several reports claim that a bell was placed in his hand just in case he needed to signal that he was still alive. Which brings forth the questions…who could hear a bell under 6 feet of earth anyway? If he were alive, how long would the oxygen last if and when someone came to his rescue?
There have been many urban legends of people being accidentally buried alive.
Legends included elements such as someone entering into the state of coma only to wake up years later and die again a horrible death. Another legend tells of coffins opened to find a corpse with a long beard or corpses with the hands raised and palms turned upward.
Fear of being buried alive was elaborated to the extent that those who could afford it would make all sorts of arrangements for the construction of a “safety coffin” to ensure this would be avoided (e.g. glass lids for observation, ropes to bells for signaling, and breathing pipes for survival until rescued).
An urban legend states that the sayings “Saved by the bell”, and “Dead ringer”
are both derived from the notion of having a rope attached to a bell outside the coffin, which could alert people that the recently buried person is not yet deceased.
If you want to visit Timothy Clark Smith, take Rte. 7 to New Haven (a small town just a few miles north of Middlebury, Vermont). When you arrive in town, take Town Hill Road for about a mile or two. Look for Evergreen Cemetery on the left. The grave mound is clearly visible from the road and is about midway between the entrance and exits to the cemetery. Be there with bells on!
Article updated on 6/8/2016